Chapter 15 part 1 (sympathetic nervous system)
Epidemiology, Prognosis, and Treatment. The impulse for contraction begins in the S-A node , which is located in the right atrium at its junction with the superior vena cava. The roof frontal and sphenoid bones presents the fossa for the lacrimal gland anterolaterally and the trochlear pit for the cartilaginous or bony pulley of the superior oblique muscle anteromedially. It is important for breathing, as it passes motor information to the diaphragm and receives sensory information from it. The vagus nerve originates from the medulla of the brainstem. The classic study of the orbit. Ventrally, there is a deep medial ventral fissure, and dorsally a shallow medial sulcus.
Helpful Resources on Autonomic Nervous System
Both of these nerves supply motor fibers to the diaphragm and sensory fibers to the fibrous pericardium , mediastinal pleura , and diaphragmatic peritoneum. These pass through the superior orbital fissure and traverse the orbit figs. This is subdivided into the cerebrospinal portion the 12 pairs of cranial nerves, 31 pairs of spinal nerves and associated ganglia and the autonomic nervous system sympathetic and parasympathetic components which deals with visceral activities smooth muscle, cardiac muscle, and glandular secretions. Between the two muscle layers of the esophagus and all subsequent parts of the digestive tract, is a chain of parasympathetic ganglia and vagus nerve fibers myenteric plexus of Auerbach. There are no breaks in the luminal wall, other than the occasional slit between the tight junctions.
Central control of the cardiovascular and respiratory systems and their interactions in vertebrates. Protoplasmic astrocytes are most evident in the gray matter of the brain and have long thin processes containing few bundles of GFAP. This implicates yet unknown, possible trophic functions of neuropeptides during cartilage differentiation and endochondral ossification in adults. Usually it is placed posterior in between subclavian vein and artery. Fig 2 — Lateral view of the deep structures of the pharynx. Unmyelinated nerve fibers course everywhere as well as some myelinated fibers terminations of incoming sensory fibers or tract fibers in the white matter.